“The collapse of a shark tank at The Scientific Center in Kuwait. Share this because it’s probably the only time in your life you will see something like this.”
Alfred Hitchcock at the Cannes Film Festival, 1963 © Francois Gragnon
i am so about walking around museums and holding hands
[E.J.] Josey’s first position was as a librarian in the Central Library of the Free Library of Philadelphia from 1953 to 1954.
In honor of Black History Month in the United States, we’re recognizing African American librarians like E.J. Josey. The Oxford African American Studies Center is free for Black History Month. Simply use Username: blackhistorymonth and Password: onlineaccess to login.
Photo credit: The Free Library of Philadelphia. Parkway Central Library, as taken from the Franklin Institute. Photo by Nanoman657 2011. CC-BY-SA-3.0 via Wikimedia Commons.
I hope none of my future ex-girlfriends are watching House of Cards because I’ve been using that technique since I was in fourth grade and don’t need Kevin Spacey blowing up my spot.
Both sides of the war accused each other of dirty and under-handed tricks. Lt. John Waller of the British Marines wrote a letter home soon after the Battle of Bunker Hill, where he complained of some particularly nasty behavior by the Americans:
We had of our corps one major, 2 captains, and 3 lieutenants killed; 4 captains, and 3 lieutenants wounded: 2 serjeants, and 21 rank and file killed; and 3 serjeants and 79 privates wounded: and I suppose, upon the whole, we lost, killed and wounded, from 800 to 1000 men. We killed a number of the rebels, but the cover they fought under made their loss less considerable than it would otherwise have been. The army is in great spirits, and full of rage and ferocity at the rebellious rascals, who both poisoned and chewed the musket balls, in order to make them the more fatal. Many officers have died of their wounds, and others very ill: ’tis astonishing what a number of officers were hit on this occasion; but the officers were particularly aimed at.
Poisoning a musket ball was supposed to stop the wound from healing, and chewing on the ball was supposed to make the surface rough so that it made a nastier wound which also healed more slowly.
It is true that the American forces targeted British officers (they also did this at Lexington & Concord), and did so with great effect. (Which makes it amazing that Howe managed to survive the day.)
However, there’s no evidence whatsoever that they either chewed on their bullets or poisoned them, and given the rather slipshod way in which forces were assigned to Breed’s Hill, I rather doubt any unit would have had time or the inclination.
Who were the Real Monuments Men?
German loot stored in church at Ellingen, Germany found by troops of the U.S. Third Army. 4/24/45.
Can’t make tonight’s The Monuments Men talk with Robert Edsel at the National Archives? (Watch it online on the usnationalarchives Ustream channel). Or want to brush up on your history in advance? Read about the real “Monuments Men.”
Made up of art historians, museum curators, archivists, and architects, the men and women from the Monuments, Fine Arts, and Archives (MFA&A) Section of the Allied Expeditionary Forces, aka the “Monuments Men,” were assigned to protect Europe’s cultural heritage.
Learn about individual Monuments Men in the recent series on the Text Message blog:
- Walter Kirtland Hancock, Hometown Hero: St. Louis’s Monuments Man
- Ronald Balfour, A British Monuments Man Killed in Action
- Sir Charles Leonard Woolley, An Unlikely Monuments Man
- Walter J. Huchthausen, A Monuments Man Killed in Action
- Seymour J. Pomrenze, A National Archives Monument Man
- Mason Hammond, the First American Monuments Man in the Field
- Edith Standen, A “Monuments Man” in Germany 1945-1947
- Karol Estreicher, The Polish Monuments Man
- S. Lane Faison, An Office of Strategic Services Monuments Man
- Sir Hilary Jenkinson, An Archivist Monuments Man
- Walter Horn, A Monuments Man Investigator
- Douglas Cooper, A British Art Historian and Collector Monuments Man
Read up on the author of many of these pieces: Greg Bradsher: Monuments Men expert at the National Archives
More on the Monuments Men at:
- Media Matters » The Real Monuments Men
- Prologue: Pieces of History » Nazi Art Looter’s Diary, Long Missing, Found and Online for the First Time
- Prologue: Pieces of History » You won’t see this in the Monuments Men movie
- Monuments Men and Nazi Treasures by Dr. Greg Bradsher, via Prologue Magazine
- Hi-res and public domain images relating to looted art
- Dr. Greg Bradsher’s extensive online finding aid to these materials
- In 2011, the National Archives launched the International Research Portal to Nazi-era records, providing digital access to millions of Nazi-era cultural property–related records through a single portal for the first time.
- The Eisenhower Library has a number of records related to the Monuments Men.